Hernia is a swelling, which you can see or feel. Commonly it occurs in groin (area between abdomen & thighs) when it is called Inguinal Hernia. It can be on the right side, left side or both sides. At times, it can also be around navel when it is called Umbilical Hernia. When it occurs near previously operated scars on the abdomen, it is called an Incisional hernia. There are other types of Hernia like, Femoral, Obturator, Spigelion, Lumbar etc., but they are rare.
The swelling usually appears on standing or coughing & disappears when you lie down.
Hernia can occur at all ages from birth till old age, though commonly it occurs in childhood & above 40 years.
Only treatment of hernia is surgical repair. The hole in the muscle is repaired with “mesh”, a kind of net made up of artificial material.
There are various types of these materials. They are prepared after lot of research & are safe to human body. Lakhs of these meshes have been used by now & are harmless to human body.
Surgery of Hernia has evolved over the years.
Basically, it can be either
Hernia is usually painless, but sometimes there is mild pain. That is the reason, people ignore hernia.
Hernia is a hole in the muscle, through which abdominal contents like intestine pop out.
Every hernia has a potential chance of complication. Sometimes, when more contents slide through, the contents cannot return back. These intestines then get obstructed & can become gangrenous. This complication, if not operated in few hours, can endanger life.
Hernia surgery is done by all general surgeons. However, surgeons with special interest in Hernia do them better. These are known as “Hernia Clinic”.
Hernia clinic is run by surgeons who have dedicated to hernia surgery. They have latest & most scientific knowledge of hernia. After diagnosing, all options of treatment are explained to the patient at length. The type of surgery etc is then decided by surgeon & well informed patient. Each case is treated individually on its own merit, “tailor made” approach. From the variety of prosthesis, the Best is chosen depending on the type of hernia. Hernia clinic has Operating Rooms with cutting edge technology. All possible equipments & instruments are available from the Best of the companies. Surgeries are standardised & done in most scientific manner under suitable anaesthesia. Most of the patients are discharged on the same day. Obviously, the results of surgery are consistently better. This has been proved by various trials done abroad. Cleveland, Florida, Toronto & Maryland are some of the famous Hernia Clinics in the world.
Hernia is known to recur. Recurrence rate were very high in past. But with modern advances the recurrence rates have come down from 25% to less than 5%.